[Company Logo Image]   

We are traders

Arbitrage Research and Trading

 Home News Products Services Research Jobs Forum What is Profit-at-Risk (PaR)?


What is Profit-at-Risk (PaR)?


Profit-at-Risk (PaR) is an expression used to mean several slightly different things by different segments of the industry.  PaR, as used at ART, refers to an entire analysis process/philosophy.    The basic idea is to produce simulations (forward and backward) of entire trading strategies, including all rebalances, market dynamics, operational issues/costs (e.g. transaction costs, liquidity, credit, etc.), to produce distributions of risk- and capital-adjusted P&L or returns.  That is, simulate as much or sufficient degree of the real world trading environment over the entire holding period to see how your strategy would really perform.

In addition, these performance results may then be used further, possibly in conjunction with Efficient Frontier-like (EF) optimisation methods, to select strategies that provide "optimal" performance for "your" risk/return profile and mandate.  In practice, the EF-like approaches require certain sophistications to make them sensible for real world optimal trading strategy selection.

In short, at ART, PaR means comprehensive/optimal holding period risk-adjusted P&L based trading strategy selection/analysis.

This type of PaR is introduced in

[1]       A Traderís Guide to Ö The Series - Read Me First! (please) "Part I and Part II", and

[3]       A Traderís Guide to Quantitative Methods (Donít Panic ) - Basic Maths & Stats,

and detailed (including a working PaR simulator) in

[3.a]  A Traderís Guide to Quantitative Methods (Donít Panic ) Ė Monte Carlo Methods

and used extensively in all of the TG2 "trading" books.  Look here [ALL Titles] for titles with " - Trading," or "Ė Vol2: Trading & Position Keeping," in their titles.  "Snapshots" of PaR and its application can be seen in the ARTicles pages.

In other places, PaR may mean something different.  For example, in energy trading, PaR is used to mean something less robust compared to PaR as is used here (e.g. no rebalances etc.).  Of critical importance, PaR is NOT Value-at-Risk (VaR).  In a sense, VaR is a trivial sub-case of PaR, since VaR is very short term, does not consider rebalances/strategies, or indeed many real world effects, and there is certainly no attempt in VaR to asses risk-adjusted performance that optimally suits your risk/return/mandate requirements.

Remember, though PaR is very comprehensive and very sophisticated, use the right tool for the right job.  Building/buying PaR machinery can be non-trivial, so be sure that the cost of implementation is consistent with your mandate (see [1] - [3a] above).


Home Up Feedback Search Investor Login Company Profile

Send mail to webmaster@arbitrage-trading.com with questions or comments about this web site.
Copyright © Arbitrage Research and Trading Ltd.

The contents of this web are presented by ART for viewing purposes only, and ART makes no warranties as to accuracy.

Last modified: July 25, 2011